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Citation Styles

Basic MLA Citation Style

1. "When & How to Cite" Tutorial from the SPU Library

2. Basic Rules for In-Text Citations from Purdue Online Writing Lab (OWL)

- For more examples, see the Purdue OWL MLA Formatting site

- For an interactive form, use the MLA Style Center's Interactive Practice Template


Basic Format:

Last Name, First Name. Title of Book. Publisher, Publication Date.


One author:

Phillips, Siobhan. The Poetics of the Everyday: Creative Repetition in Modern American Verse.

      Columbia UP, 2010.


Two authors:

 Zamora, Lois P, and Wendy B. Faris. Magical Realism: Theory, History, Community. Duke UP,



Three or more authors:

Kaye, Deena, et al. Sound and Music for the Theatre. Focal Press, 2016.


Book with one editor:

Eldridge, Richard, editor. The Oxford Handbook of Philosophy and Literature. Oxford UP, 2009.


Book with two editors:

Bull, Michael, and Les Back, editors. The Auditory Culture Reader. 2nd ed. Bloomsbury Academic, 2016.


Book with three or more editors:

Newburger, Harriet, et al., editors. Neighborhood and Life Chances: How

Place Matters in Modern America. U of Pennsylvania P, 2011.



Crystal, David. Making a Point: The Persnickety Story of English Punctuation.

E-book ed., St. Martin's Press, 2015.




Basic Format: Author(s). "Title of Article." Title of Periodical, Day Month Year, pages.

Shook, John. "With Liberty & Justice For All." Humanist, Jan/Feb 2013, pp. 21-24.



Scholarly Journal

Basic Format: Author(s). "Title of Article." Title of Journal, Volume, Issue, Year, pages.

Todd, Nathan R., et al. "Preliminary Validation of the 'Sanctification of Social Justice

   Scale.'" Psychology of Religion and Spirituality, vol. 6, no.3, 2014, pp. 245-256.


From an Online Database such as Academic Search Premier

Richardson, Jayson W, and Nicholas J. Sauers. "Social Justice in India: Perspectives from School Leadership."

  Management in Education, vol. 28, no.3, 2014, pp. 106-109. Academic Search Premier,




Entire site

Basic Format: Editor, author, or compiler name (if available). Name of Site. Version number, Name of institution/organization affiliated with the site (sponsor or publisher), date of resource creation (if available), URL, DOI or permalink. Date of access (if applicable).*

The Purdue OWL Family of Sites. The Writing Lab and OWL at Purdue and Purdue U, 2008, Accessed 23 Apr. 2008.


A Page on a Website

McCarthy, Gina. "Climate Week - It's Time for Action." EPA Connect. Environmental Protection Agency, 22 Sept. 2014.



*From  The 9th edition of the MLA Handbook: "An access date for an online work should generally be provided if the work lacks a publication date or if you suspect that the work has been altered or moved."