Skip to Main Content

Citation Styles

CSE Style Manual

CSE Name Year Style

CSE is now in its 8th edition! When looking at examples online, make sure they are based on the 8th edition.

CSE has three citation styles, CSE Name-Year is the format where references are listed alphabetically in your reference list. When citing references in the text of your paper, you will refer to them by author name and date.

CSE style uses a reference list which means that you only list items cited in your paper. There must be agreement between the sources cited in your work and the sources listed in the references section.

Special notes about in-text citations and creating CSE references:  

In-text citations:

  • If there are one or two authors you will list all authors, for example: ( Fry and Smith 2016)
  • If there are more than two authors list only the first author followed by et al., for example:  (Fry et al. 2017)
  • In-text citations can be placed within a sentences, for example: "Smith's studies of arbovirus infections (Smith 1970, 1975) have shown that
  • Corporate or Organization authors may be abbreviated, but also include the abbreviation in the reference list

Reference List:

  • Website and book references should include date, location, and publisher name – if you cannot find this information you should say [date unknown], [place unknown], or [publisher unknown] as appropriate.
  • If you have a doi for your article, please include it at the end of your citation in the following format: doi:10.1007/s10344-014-0825-0
  • Journal titles are abbreviated.
  • Authors names should be listed in the order that they are given in the paper - do not reorder this list. Additionally, when there are 1 to 10 authors, all authors should be named. If there are more than 10 authors, the 1st to 10th  are listed, followed by “and others”.   For example:

Smith EW, Vance ML, Bartel D, Joy E, Janus J, Qui W, Pa J, Hobbes C, Cant G, Kant W, and others. 2005. Avian flu in China. N Engl J Med. 372: 2275-82.

Examples for most of the citations you will need to make are below, but you may also refer to the other quick guides listed on this page, for the full CSE Manual for Authors, Editors, and Publishers available in Reference.


Book template: Authors(s). Year. Title. Edition. Place of publication: publisher. Extent. Notes.
Chapter of an edited book template: Author(s). Year. Chapter title. In: Editor(s), editors. Book title. Edition. Place of publication: publisher. Extent. Notes.
Electronic book template: Author(s) Year. Title. Edition. Place of publication: publisher [accessed date]. Extent. Notes.

Example chapter in a book:

Honigsbaum M. 2003. The fever trail: in search of the cure for malaria. New York: Picador.  Chapter 2, The cure; p.19-38.

NOTE: if you use only a chapter of a book note the part used in the extent section

Examples of chapter in an edited books, where each chapter has its own author:

Gillaspy AF, Landolo JJ. 2009. Staphylococcus. In: Schaechter M, editor. Encyclopedia of microbiology. 3rd ed. Boston: Elsevier/Academic Press. Vol. 2, p. 293-303.

Tramont EC. 2010. Treponema pallidum (syphilis). In: Mandell GL, Bennet JE, Dolin R, editors. Mandell, Douglas, and Bennett’s principles and practices of infectious diseases. 7th ed. Philadelphia: Churchill Livingstone/Elsevier. p. 3035-3053.

NOTES:  If an encyclopedia entry or book chapter have a separate author(s) from the editor, and both must be included in the reference. A volume number (e.g. Vol.4) is only needed if the pagination is not continuous across volumes (e.g. volume 2 starts again with page 1). Include the full page range for the article cited.

Example of a chapter in an electronic book:

Aldridge S. 2008. Malaria. In: Lerner BW, Lerner KL, editors. Infectious diseases: in context. Detroit: Gale; [accessed 2010 May 5]. p. 515-522.|1RIG&v=2.1&u=seattlepu&it=aboutBook&p=GVRL&sw=w

Example of a chapter in an edited electronic book where no chapter authors are given:

Kimberlin DW, Long SS, Pickering LK, Baker CJ, American Academy of Pediatrics, editors. 2012. Red book: 2012 report of the Committee on Infectious Diseases. Elk Grove Village, IL: American Academy of Pediatrics.[accessed 2014 May 2]. Pertussis (whooping cough); p. 553-556.

Journal Articles

Print Journal:

Template: Author(s). Year. Article Title. Abbreviated Journal Title. Vol(Issue):page numbers.
Example: Mahmud K, Vance ML. 2003. Human growth hormone and aging. N Engl J Med. 348(2):2256-2257.

Online Journal:

Template: Author(s). Year. Article title. Abbreviated Journal Title. [date updated; date accessed];volume(issue):location. Notes.
Example: Martins KAO, Steffens JT, van Tongeren SA, Wells JB, Bergeron AA, Dickson SP, Dye JM, Salazar AM, Bavari S. 2014. Toll-like receptor agonist augments virus-like particle-mediated protection from Ebola virus with transient immune activation. PLoS One. [accessed 2014 Apr 18];9(2):e89735.

NOTE: In this example, there are no page numbers, so the location is given as the electonic article ID number.  If you have page numbers you may use those instead.


  • If you have a doi for your article, please include it at the end of your citation in the following format: doi:10.1007/s10344-014-0825-0
  • Journal titles are abbreviated. To search for an abbreviation by journal name consult: (use the NLM title abbreviation)

Magazine Article:

Template: Author(s). Full Date. Article Title. Full Magazine Title [updated date; accessed date]. Notes.
Example: Badie, R. 2015 Mar 25. Solar energy pros, cons. Atlanta Journal – Constitution. [updated 2016 Oct. 21; accessed 2017 Jan 30].


Template: Author(s). Year. Page title. Publisher location: Publisher; [updated date; accessed date]. Notes.


Gagnon F. 2017. Wind energy, the next task. Nashau (NH): Renewable Energy; [updated 2018 Oct 21; accessed 2017 Jan 19].

Example if there is no author:

Pertussis: practice essentials. 2014. New York (NY): WebMD LLC; [updated 2014 Jan 31; accessed 2014 Apr 26].

Example with a corporate author (abbreviation used for in-text citation include in reference, alphabetize by full name):

[CDC] Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (US). 2012. Plague: ecology and transmission. Atlanta (GA): Author. [updated 2012 Jun 13; accessed 2014 Apr 26].


Tables and Figures

Tables and figures are numbered separately in CSE in the order they are mentioned in the text. (e.g. Table 1, Table 2, Figure 1, Table 3).

In the text of your paper give parenthetical references to the table or figure, e.g. (see Table 1)

Place the tables and figures at either the top of the bottom of the page as close as possible to where they are mentioned in the text.


Give tables a short descriptive title and, if citing from another source, place any citations beneath the table. Include a full reference in your cited references list.  If portions of the table comes from other sources, use superscript letters to indicate the various information sources, with corresponding citations directly beneath the table.

image of a table using CSE format.  The table title has a superscript letter and beneath the table the same superscript letter gives the note "See Blight and Johnson."


Give figures a description beneath the image, include any citing information as part of the description. Do not include figure references in the cited references list.

Figure 1. A photomicrograph of Bacillus anthracis bacteria 
using Gram-stain technique.  Source: Bacillus anthracis gram [Internet]. 2009. San Francisco (CA): Wikimedia Commons; [updated 2009 Mar 30; cited 2014 Mar 28]. Available from:

CSE Name-Year

More guides for CSE Name-Year format: