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> Reformation and Modern Christianity/Global Christian Heritage II to 1900 (cf. THEO 3302/6050)

For the history of Christianity in North America, see the Subject Guide Christianity in North America (forthcoming).


Images of items not owned here (the bulk of them) are taken from the links embedded therein.

So to see the source or view the full-text, click on the image.

1520. Luther, Martin. [On the freedom of a Christian man.]

1527. Sattler, Michael, et al.. [The Schleitheim articles/confession.]

1539. Sadoleto, Jacobo, and Calvin, John. [Sadoleto’s letter to the Genevans and Calvin’s reply.]

156_. Teresa of Ávila. [Life.]

Because the Life (Vida) of St. Teresa of Ávila circulated from 1565/1566 to 1588 in manuscript only, I had hoped to find a digitization of Real Biblioteca del Monasterio de San Lorenzo de El Escorial Ms. Vitrinas 26, [La vida de la Santa Madre Teresa de Jesús, y algunas mercedes que Dios le hizo, escritas por ella misma], but was unable to.  In its place I substitute this reproduction of p. 1, from Guillermo Antolín, Los autógrafos de Santa Teresa de Jesús que se conservan en el Real Monasterio del Escorial (Madrid : Imprenta Heléncia, 1914), 10:

That said, the Life (Vida) was first edited by Luis de León (Fray Luys de Leon) and published in 1588:

1755. Wesley, John. Catholick spirit. A sermon on 2 Kings x. 15.

Image is of the title page to the first London edition of 1755 recently acquired by SPU, but link is (for now) to the Bristol edition of 1770:

1765. Wesley, John. The scripture-way of salvation. A sermon on Ephes. ii. 8. (1769 [1765]).

1784. Kant, Immanuel. ["Answer to the question: What is Enlightenment?"] Berlinische Monatsschrift 4, no. 12 (December 1784): 481-492.

1847. Kierkegaard, Søren. [Purity of heart is to will one thing.]

1854 December 8. Pope Pius IX. Ineffabilis Deus (Litteræ apostolicæ de dogmatica definitione Immacvlatæ Conceptionis Virginis Deiparæ).

1859- (in manuscript, subsequently revised); 1881 (Kazan), 1882 (Mt. Athos), 1883 (Kazan), 1884 (Kazan), and 1911 (etc.) in print. [Way of a pilgrim.]

Though an early version of Откровенные рассказы странника духовному своему отцу (Otkrovennye rasskazy strannika dukhovnomu svoemu ott︠s︡u, or simply Rasskaz strannika) was published in Kazan in 1881, it was this expanded edition of 1884 that became wildly popular across Russia.  Unfortunately, I have yet to identify a copy in WorldCat or the National Library of the Republic of Tartarstan (in Kazan; though here are 1883s and 1884s in the National Library of Russia), let alone a complete scan.  This apparently extremely rare 1884 was one of two sold at auction in 2014:

For the now-standard history of composition/publication (including more on the authors and editors identified since the R. M. French translation of 1930 (primarily Mikhail Kozlov, Arsenii Troepol'skii, and St. Theophan the Recluse)), see Aleksei Pentkovsky's Introduction to the T. Allen Smith translation of The Pilgrim's tale in the series Classics of western spirituality.  For a summary of that, see pp. 106 ff. of Zachary Ugolnik, “Internal liturgy: the transmission of the Jesus Prayer in the Philokalia and The Way of a Pilgrim (Rasskaz Strannika),” Religion & literature 48, no. 1 (Spring 2016): 99–133 (among others).

1870 July 18. First Vatican Council, Catholic Church. Pastor aeternus (Constitutio dogmatica prima de ecclesia Christi).

Rome:  Typographia R. C. A., 1870:


ASS 6 (1870), 40 ff.:

1934 May 29-31. Confessing Church. [Barmen Declaration.]

I have been unable to trace these images of the various stages in the composition and diffusion of the Barmen Declaration (the "Theologische Erklärung zur gegenwärtigen Lage der Deutschen Evangelischen Kirche") to their ultimate sources, and, so, though they do appear to be genuine, I share them with some hesitation at this point:

An image of an early (i.e. 1935) printing in Special Collections here at SPU (Die Bekenntnisse und grundsätlichen Außerungen zur Kirchenfrage, ed. Kurt Dietrich Schmidt, Band 2:  Das Jahr 1934 (Göttingen:  Vandenhoeck & Ruprecht, 1935), sec. 41, pp. 91-98). The original owner of this set was Eberhard Baumann (1871-1956), with whom Dietrich Bonhoeffer, at least, was still corresponding more or less affectionately in 1940, five years or so before his execution.  At the time of the Barmen Declaration, Baumann was deputy president (Consistory Councilor) of the Pomeranian Confessing Synod, Pomerania being the region in which Bonhoeffer's underground seminary at Finkenwalde was located.  In 1935 Baumann became a deputy member of the Reich Council of Brethren and (?) Deputy Moderator of the Reformed Alliance (Dietrich Bonhoeffer Works 16, Conspiracy and imprisonment, 1940-1945 (Minneapolis:  Fortress Press, 2006), 760 and 46 and earlier, including, probably earlier volumes).  Of some some interest may be the fact that the Barmen Declaration is among those Bekenntnisse in the set that were not marked up, whether by Baumann himself, or later by H. F. Barkwings (?), its second owner.  Whether that was because Baumann (let's say) didn't need to read the Barmen Declaration, or because he was unsympathetic, I don't yet know.

1939. Bonhoeffer, Dietrich. [Life together.]

No link to full-text at this point, unfortunately:

1950 November 1. Pope Pius XII. Munificentissimus Deus (Constitutio apostolica Munificentissimus Deus).

AAS 42 (1950), 753 ff. (low-quality OCR-generated scan at link):


1963 April 11. Pope John XXIII. Pacem in terris (Litterae encyclicae . . . De pace omnium gentium in veritate, iustitia, caritate, libertate constituenda).

AAS 55 (1963), 257 ff. (low-quality OCR-generated scan at link):

1965 December 7. Second Vatican Council, Catholic Church. Gaudium et spes (Constitutio pastoralis de ecclesia in mundo huis temporis).

AAS 58 (1966), 1025 ff. (low-quality OCR-generated scan at link):