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Can't find something you need to make the the reference?
In most cases if you cannot find a reference element, e.g. author, page numbers, volume, DOI - you can just omit it that an move on to the next thing in the reference.
The three things that you cannot omit without noting in the reference are:
if you cannot find theses, say [date unknown], [place unknown], or [publisher unknown] as appropriate, unless:
CSE has three citation styles, for this assignment, you will use the CSE Citation-Name format for both in-text citations and references. This means that references are listed alphabetically and then numbered in your reference list. When citing references in the text of your project, you will refer to them by number. Use the appropriate reference number in superscript after the information you are citing.
CSE style uses a reference list, not a bibliography, which means that you only list items cited in your project. There must be agreement between the sources cited in your work and the sources listed in the references section.
This video will lead you through finding the elements to appropriately cite a book in CSE Citation-Name style. (4:36min)
Template: Author(s). Title. Edition. Publisher location: Publisher; Year. Extent*. Notes**.
8. Honigsbaum M. The fever trail: in search of the cure for malaria. New York (NY): Picador; 2003. Chapter 2, The cure; p.19-38.
Template: Author(s) Chapter title. In: Editors(s), editors. Title. Publisher location: Publisher; Year. Extent*. Notes**.
9. Gillaspy AF, Landolo JJ. Staphylococcus. In: Schaechter M, editor. Encyclopedia of microbiology. 3rd ed. Boston (MA): Elsevier/Academic Press; 2009. Vol. 2, p. 293-303.
10. Tramont EC. Treponema pallidum (syphilis). In: Mandell GL, Bennet JE, Dolin R, editors. Mandell, Douglas, and Bennett’s principles and practices of infectious diseases. 7th ed. Philadelphia (PA): Churchill Livingstone/Elsevier; 2010. p. 3035-3053.
NOTE: Even though this second source has two volumes, many sections, and chapters, these do not have to be listed as part of the extent because this source has continuous pagination (i.e.. volume 2 starts with page 1907). One can find the appropriate chapter in the multi-volume set just by knowing the page range.
Authored book template: Author(s) or Editor(s). Title . Edition. Publisher location: Publisher; Year [cited date]. Extent*. Notes**.
2. Kimberlin DW, Long SS, Pickering LK, Baker CJ, American Academy of Pediatrics, editors. Red book: 2012 report of the Committee on Infectious Diseases. Elk Grove Village (IL): American Academy of Pediatrics; 2012 [cited 2014 May 2]. Pertussis (whooping cough); p. 553-556. Available from: http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&AuthType=ip&db=nlebk&AN=567191&site=ehost-live&ebv=EB&ppid=pp_553
Edited book template: Author(s) Chapter title. In: Editors(s), editors. Title. Publisher location: Publisher; Year [cited date]. Extent*. Notes**.
1. Aldridge S. Malaria. In: Lerner BW, Lerner KL, editors. Infectious diseases: in context. Detroit (MI): Gale; 2008 [cited 2010 May 5]. p. 515-522. Available from: http://go.galegroup.com/ps/i.do?id=GALE|1RIG&v=2.1&u=seattlepu&it=aboutBook&p=GVRL&sw=w
NOTE: URL is given in the notes section for online resources, starting with Available from:
*Extent is the part of the book you are referencing: volume, chapter, chapter title, page numbers for the full chapter. Some eBooks do not have page numbers, in that case just omit them, and put a period after previous element (either chapter title or cited date brackets).
**There are not usually notes in a print book, but for online books this is where you put the URL or DOI.
This video will lead you through finding the elements to appropriately cite a journal article in CSE Citation-Name style. (3:46min)
Print Journal Template: Author(s). Article Title. Abbreviated Journal Title. Year;volume(issue):page numbers. Notes*.
1. Mahmud K, Vance ML. Human growth hormone and aging. New Engl J Med. 2003;348(2):2256-2257.
3. Smith EW, Vance ML, Bartel D, Joy E, Janus J, Qui W, Pa J, Hobbes C, Cant G, Kant W, and others. Avian flu in China. New Engl J Med. 2005;372:2275-2282.
Online Journal Template: Author(s). Article Title. Abbreviated Journal Title. Year[cited date];volume(issue):page numbers or electronic record number. Notes*.
2. Martins KAO, Steffens JT, van Tongeren SA, Wells JB, Bergeron AA, Dickson SP, Dye JM, Salazar AM, Bavari S. Toll-like receptor agonist augments virus-like particle-mediated protection from Ebola virus with transient immune activation. PLoS One. 2014 Feb [cited 2014 Apr 18];9(2):e89735. Available from: http://www.plosone.org/article/info%3Adoi%2F10.1371%2Fjournal.pone.0089735. doi: 10.1371/journal.pone.0089735
*If you have a URL or DOI, please include it at the end of your citation. If you have a DOI for your article (print or online), please include it at the end of your citation in the following format: doi:10.1007/s10344-014-0825-0
Journal titles must be abbreviated using NLM format.
To search for the official an abbreviation by journal name consult: http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/nlmcatalog/journals (please note - one word journal titles are not abbreviated, for example the for the journal Nature, the title would still be Nature)
This video will lead you through finding the elements to appropriately cite a website in CSE Citation-Name style. (5min)
Webpage Citation Examples:
Template: Author(s). Page title. Publisher Location: Publisher; Year [updated date; cited date]. Notes*.
1. Pertussis: practice essentials. New York (NY): WebMD LLC; c2014 [updated 2014 Jan 31; cited 2014 Apr 26]. Available from: http://emedicine.medscape.com/article/967268-overview
2. Plague: ecology and transmission. Atlanta (GA): Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (US); [updated 2012 Jun 13; cited 2014 Apr 26]. Available from: http://www.cdc.gov/plague/transmission/index.html
NOTES: All website references must include a date, location, and publisher name - if you cannot find this information you should say [date unknown], [place unknown], or [publisher unknown] as appropriate. Do some searching - e.g. check about us section - before determining that these items are truly unknown. (exception: Government website reference do not include the date (e.g. c2014) and this element can be omitted without noting [date unknown])
All other elements of the reference - e.g. author or updated date - are optional, simply omit if you cannot determine them.
*the URL is given in the notes section for webpages, starting with Available from:
Project images do not have an entry in the reference list. Instead give the full reference as part of the image description (see example below). This means that sources used only for their images should not be included in the references section of your project.
Use the appropriate CSE reference format for where your found your image: For example, if you are taking the image from a book, it will have a CSE book format reference, while an image from a journal article will use the journal reference format. In the example below, the image source has a website citation format because the image was found on a webpage.
Each image should have a title above the image, and the description beneath the image. The image description must include a full CSE citation unless:
Example of an image found on a webpage, note title above image and description (including CSE website reference) below image:
Grams Stain of Bacillus anthracis
A photomicrograph of Bacillus anthracis using gram-stain technique, note the rod-shaped appearance of the organism. Source: Bacillus anthracis gram. San Francisco (CA): Wikimedia Commons; c2009 [updated 2009 Mar 30; cited 2014 Mar 28]. Available from: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/File:Bacillus_anthracis_Gram.jpg
This video leads you through the steps of creating a reference list in Citation-Name sequence. (1:31min)
Special notes about in-text citations and creating CSE reference list:
12. Smith EW, Vance ML, Bartel D, Joy E, Janus J, Qui W, Pa J, Hobbes C, Cant G, Kant W, and others. Avian flu in China. New Engl J Med. 2005; 372: 2275-82.