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WRI 1100: Barnes

Types of resources

A framework for how to use different types of resources when writing

B - Background Sources: General information or factual evidence used to provide context. Gives context, provides facts, present authoritative information
Examples: encyclopedia article, dictionary definition (secondary sources found using Google or other search engines)

E - Exhibits/Evidence: Materials a writer analyzes/interprets and that provide evidence.
Examples: literary or artistic works, filed observations, scientific specimens, contemporary reviews, historical documents (primary resources)

A - Argument sources: Materials whose claim a writer engages. Presents the scholarly conversation on a topic. These sources engage with arguments made by others by refuting the argument, refining the argument, extending the argument, or affirming the argument.
Examples: scholarly articles, opinion pieces (secondary sources found using databases or newspaper outlets)

M - Method/theory sources: Materials from which a writer adopts a concept or manner of working/thinking
Examples: references to theories/methods used by the author (e.g. feminism, New Historicism, direct observation, mixed methods found using databases)


B.E.A.M. System

Click on the link below, watch the video, and examine the sample papers to see how B.E.A.M. works

BEAM System

Source: University of Kansas Center for Undergraduate Research

B.E.A.M. Reference Chart

Source: Choosing & Using Sources: A Guide to Academic Research by Teaching & Learning, Ohio State University Libraries. Licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License