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ENG 3339: United States Latinx Literature

Paraphrasing Video

Questions about Paraphrasing/Citing

Incorporating your sources into your paper

Once you have found, read, and analyzed your sources, it's time to put them together with your own ideas to create a brand new interpretation. This is your chance to enter the scholarly conversation!          two people talking

When synthesizing your sources, you find ways that they agree or disagree with you as well as with each other. You also use their information as evidence to support your arguments and ideas. You put the ideas and words of your sources into your own paper through paraphrasing and quoting.

train linesTo make sure that your reader follows all those trains of thought and also to identify whose ideas and words belong to who, you need to include citations.

Check out these resources so you can be confident that you are incorporating your sources correctly and with a smooth flow.

Basic MLA Citation Style


Basic Format:

Last Name, First Name. Title of Book. Publisher, Publication Date.


One author:

McEvoy, Sean. Theatrical Unrest : Nine Riots in the History of the Stage 1601-2004. Routledge, 2016.


Two authors:

 Frost, Anthony, and Ralph Yarrow. Improvisation in Drama, Theatre, and Performance. Palgrave, 2016.


Three or more authors:

Kaye, Deena, et al.Sound and Music for the Theatre. Focal P, 2016.


Book with one editor:

 Eldridge, Richard, editor. The Oxford Handbook of Philosophy and Literature. Oxford UP, 2009.


Book with two editors:

Bull, Michael, and Les Back, editors. The Auditory Culture Reader. 2nd ed. Bloomsbury Academic, 2016.


Book with three or more editors:

Newburger, Harriet, et al., editors.. Neighborhood and Life Chances: How

   Place Matters in Modern America. U of Pennsylvania P, 2011.


Wright, Laura. The Vegan Studies Project : Food, Animals, and Gender in the Age of Terror, University of Georgia Press, 2015. ProQuest Ebook




Basic Format: Author(s). "Title of Article." Title of Periodical, Day Month Year, pages.

Shook, John. "With Liberty & Justice for All." Humanist,  Jan/Feb 2013, pp. 21-24.



Scholarly Journal

Basic Format: Author(s). "Title of Article." Title of Journal, Volume, Issue, Year, pages.


Todd, Nathan R., et al. "Preliminary Validation of The Sanctification of Social Justice Scale." Psychology of  Religion and Spirituality, vol. 6, no. 3, 2014, pp. 245-256.


From an Online Database such as Academic Search Premier

Richardson, Jayson W, and Nicholas J Sauers. "Social Justice in India: Perspectives from School Leaders in Diverse Contexts." Management in Education, vol. 28, no. 3, 2014, pp. 106-109. Academic Search Premier, doi: 10.1177/0892020614535799.



Entire site

Basic Format: Editor, author, or compiler name (if available). Name of Site. Version number, Name of institution/organization affiliated with the site (sponsor or publisher), date of resource creation (if available), URL, DOI or permalink. Date of access (if applicable).

The Purdue OWL Family of Sites. The Writing Lab and OWL at Purdue and Purdue U, 2008, Accessed 23 Apr. 2008.


A Page on a Website

McCarthy, Gina. "Climate Week - It's Time for Action." EPA Connect. Environmental Protection Agency, 22 Sept. 2014. Accessed 26 Sept. 2014.


For more examples, see the PurdueOWL MLA Formatting site