A keyword generally refers to a term that occurs anywhere in an article, including the title, author, subjects, or abstract. To search this way in PsycINFO, use the Select a Field (Optional) designation rather than Keyword, since using Keyword from the search drop-down menu will only search specific keyword tags.
*Tip: Using an asterisk to truncate the end of a word will yield both all variations of that word (e.g. experiment* will locate experiment, experimental, and experimentation)
A subject is a term assigned to a book or article to describe its content. Using a database's Thesaurus or Subject Terms can help you find the specific term(s) that the database uses to describe your topic. It can help you differentiate between similar terms, such as Conservation (Concept) vs. Conservation (Ecological Behavior).
Step 1: Click on Thesaurus at the top of the search page.
Step 2: In the lower box, search for keywords related to your topic, such as experimental subjects. Then choose Browse.
Step 3: Check the box for the subject term for which you'd like to search. You can also click on the term for more information, such as a description of the term or broader, narrower, or related terms.
Step 4: Then Add the subject term to your search. If you are searching for multiple terms (such as experimental ethics), repeat steps 1 and 2 and add multiple subject terms to a single search using AND (to narrow search by finding articles with all terms) or OR (to broaden search by finding any of the terms).
Step 5: Then click Search.
What's the difference?
Scholarly articles and books engage in educated conversation on a topic. They often communicate new resesarch findings or review that of others. Usually, they are peer-reviewed, which means they've been reviewed by others in their discipline prior to being published.
Popular articles and books are intended to entertain, inform, or persuade their audience.
To determine if something is scholarly or not, evaluate it based on these criteria.
In most databases, you can easily identify scholarly articles by checking the box to limit to peer-reviewed articles.