Skip to main content

FCS 3240: Ind. & Fam. Development

Special Resources

A report from the CQ Researcher:

Greenblatt, A. (2011). International adoption. CQ Global Researcher, 5(23), 573-596. Retrieved from


Articles from Opposing Viewpoints In Context:

Graff, E. J. (2012). International adoptions need stronger regulations. In C. Watkins (Ed.), At issue. Are adoption policies fair? Detroit:

Greenhaven Press. Retrieved from


Gershoff , G.A.  (2018).  The Evidence shows that spanking is bad for kids. Opposing Viewpoints Online Collection. Detroit: Gale.

Retrieved from


Color Coded Examples

Listing authors

From Purdue OWL

The following rules for handling works by a single author or multiple authors apply to all APA-style references in your reference list, regardless of the type of work (book, article, electronic resource, etc.).

Single Author

Last name first, followed by author initials.

Berndt, T. J. (2002).

Two Authors

List by their last names and initials. Use the ampersand instead of "and."

Wegener, D. T., & Petty, R. E. (1994).

Three to Seven Authors

List by last names and initials; commas separate author names, while the last author name is preceded again by ampersand.

Kernis, M. H., Cornell, D. P., Sun, C. R., Berry, A., Harlow, T., & Bach, J. S. (1993).

More Than Seven Authors

List by last names and initials; commas separate author names. After the sixth author's name, use an ellipses in place of the author names. Then provide the final author name. There should be no more than seven names. 

Miller, F. H., Choi, M. J., Angeli, L. L., Harland, A. A., Stamos, J. A., Thomas, S. T., . . . Rubin, L. H. (2009).

Organization as Author

American Psychological Association. (2003).

Unknown Author

Merriam-Webster's collegiate dictionary (10th ed.). (1993). Springfield, MA: Merriam-Webster.

NOTE: When your essay includes parenthetical citations of sources with no author named, use a shortened version of the source's title instead of an author's name. Use quotation marks and italics as appropriate. For example, parenthetical citations of the source above would appear as follows: (Merriam-Webster's, 1993).

Basic APA Citation Style


Basic Format:

Author, A. A. (Year of publication). Title of work: Capital letter also for subtitle. Location: Publisher.


One author:

 Phillips, S. (2010). The poetics of the everyday: Creative repetition in modern American verse. New York, NY:

   Columbia University Press.


Two authors:

 Zamora, L. P. & Faris, W. B. (1995).  Magical realism: Theory, history, community. Durham, NC: Duke University Press.



Book with one editor:

 Eldridge, R. (Ed.). (2009).  The Oxford handbook of philosophy and literature. New York, NY: Oxford University Press.



Book with two or more editors:

Newburger, H. , Birch, E. L., & Wachter, S. M.  (Eds.). (2011).  Neighborhood and life chances: How

   place matters in modern America. Philadelphia, PA: University of Pennsylvania Press.




Scholarly Journal

Basic Format: Author, A. A., Author, B. B., & Author, C. C. (Year). Title of article. Title of Periodical, volume number(issue number), pages.


Todd, N. R.,  Houston, J. D., &  Odahl-Ruan, C. A.. (2014). Preliminary validation of the sanctification of social justice scale. Psychology Of  Religion And Spirituality, 6(3), 245-256. 


From an Online Database such as Academic Search Premier with DOI

Richardson, J. W. & Sauers, N. J. (2014). Social justice in India: Perspectives from school leaders in diverse contexts. Management In Education, 28(3), 106-109. doi: 10.1177/0892020614535799



Entire site

Basic Format:  Author, A. A., & Author, B. B. (Date of publication). Title of article. In Title of book or larger document (chapter or section number). Retrieved from

 From OWL:

 If your website has no author, you can use the following example as a template for the citation for your reference page:

All 33 Chile miners freed in flawless rescue. (2010, October 13). Retrieved from

As you can see, the title of the document is moved up to where the author’s name would be.

If your website has no date, you can put "n.d." instead. For example:

The College of William and Mary. (n.d.). College mission statement. Retrieved from


For more examples, see the PurdueOWL APA Formatting site